Dyslexia, also known as a specific learning disability by most schools, is not always recognized and can leave students thinking they are not as intelligent as their peers. Dyslexia is an inheritable neurological condition that affects language acquisition, language processing, and the ability to decode and encode words. It is believed by experts within the field that up to 20% of the population has what schools call a Specific Learning Disability, and 80% of these children and adults have varying degrees of reading or written expression difficulties, that qualify as dyslexia. With early detection and treatment, children with dyslexia can learn and succeed academically and later within their jobs. Children and adults with dyslexia are highly creative, and have many cognitive and emotional strengths, despite a weakness in their ability to decode words. Children and adults with dyslexia often find alternative ways of gathering knowledge and innovative ways and strategies to learn, work, and achieve in school and life.